If you believe that there is no such thing as climate change, global warming, or the like then you will perhaps call Californians "fruits and nuts" as they have been referred to due to their strong healthwise initiatives for the states recent passing of a climate trading bill.
If when you fly over the USA and see power plants spewing waste, see smog on the horizon of major cities at dawn and dusk due to auto expectorate or have trouble breathing in major cities, then you may be happy with the news that California has passed a carbon trading bill.
Here are highlights of the action from a 12-17-10 article Reuters online article("California gives green light to carbon trade" by Peter Henderson)
California on Thursday approved rules for a multibillion-dollar carbon market, in what proponents hope and detractors fear will be a turning point for the United States toward building a national program to address global warming.
After Congress(US) failed to pass a climate change law last year, California is the vanguard of the nation's effort to address global warming and its bid to build alternative energy and related industries.
California has mandated that a third of its electricity come from renewable sources like solar and wind. It is also encouraging "low carbon" auto fuels, like some biofuels and natural gas, and on Thursday approved rules for the carbon market.
The rules adopted by the Air Resources Board, the state's climate change regulator, limit emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and let power plants, factories and eventually refiners and others to trade permits to pollute in a program generally known as cap-and-trade.
California will become the second-largest carbon market in the world, following a European system. Point Carbon, a Thomson Reuters company, forecasts the market will grow from $1.7 billion in 2012 to nearby $10 billion in 2016, with prices rising from $10 a metric ton in 2012 to $18 per ton in 2016.
Environmentally, California's move could rank with U.S. efforts decades ago to clean up air and water, said Gary Gero, President of the Climate Action Reserve. "We will say this was when the United States started seriously building a program for climate change," he said.
Calls to force companies to buy permits at auctions have largely been rebuffed due to the weak economy. Most permits will be given away, especially in the first three-year period.
Factories and power producers will be able to bear some of the burden for cutting emissions with credits for projects that soak up carbon, known as offsets. There is already a market in such offsets, and prices have jumped in the last several weeks to about $8 a ton, traders said.
WORLD WATCHES CALIFORNIA
"The world is watching what California is doing," said Louis Blumberg, director of the California Climate Change Team at the Nature Conservancy environmental group.
A substantial number of manufacturers still view the program as a disaster that will raise costs and hurt the state's competitiveness. Companies will have to buy more and more permits at auctions as the multi-year program continues.
"This is going to dampen their enthusiasm to grow and invest in California," Dorothy Rothrock, head of government relations at the California Manufacturers and Technology Association, told the board.
A number of studies have shown the net effect on the economy of cap-and-trade will be modest, but it could be disruptive in the short term.
Some environmentalists also criticized the plan, taking aim at offset creation rules that let lumber companies level stands of trees, called clear cutting, if they preserve other stands and raise total carbon held in a project area.
"To me, clear cutting looks a lot like deforestation," Sierra Club member Karen Maki testified.
Canadian provinces Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia are working to join California in 2012.
They are members of a group called the Western Climate Initiative, and some California backers hope to join forces with a small U.S. Northeast plan and a developing Midwest program.
Conservastore is unsure how carbon trading as it is called will work out. If the market is expected to grow five fold in less than 10 years, there is certainly going to be a lot of money made. Hard to say if the trading will synergize the cost of carbon at the point of manufacturing with it's ill affects on humanity and the Earth. This synergy has been totally disregarded in the past and recognition of the ill affects of pollution from manufacturing have been after the pollution has created damage.
Make no mistake about it that CO2 discharge from manufacturing IS pollution.
We feel that the mere recognition can only be good. We just hope that wildcat companies such as a future Enron do not murder the positives of the trading in an attempt to get exorbitantly rich while declaiming the beauty of the marketplace the entire time.
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